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Alexander the Great by Hedda Bungersig - Sat, 20 Jul 2013 21:56:23 EST ID:Dv4EQMVh No.50164 Ignore Report Reply Quick Reply
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Alexander has to be one of the most enigmatic characters in history. On one hand the sheer magnitude and glory of his accomplishments has to set him amongst the greatest and most succesful men who have ever lived, but on the other hand he was something of a cruel and vindictive megalomaniac with a murderous temper. In the west he's one of our greatest heroes, but in the east he's known as 'the two horned devil'.

How do you all feel about the great man himself?
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Phineas Brucklebidge - Fri, 23 Oct 2015 06:45:22 EST ID:3uS7Cyfj No.56219 Ignore Report Quick Reply
Augustus Murdhood - Mon, 02 Nov 2015 08:23:21 EST ID:QhbJyx2S No.56244 Ignore Report Quick Reply

Not weird at all for his cultural surroundings.
Phoebe Weddlebanks - Mon, 02 Nov 2015 16:43:17 EST ID:46Ivwr3B No.56245 Ignore Report Quick Reply

Diogenes would often masturbate in public.
no homer - Tue, 03 Nov 2015 04:10:05 EST ID:t9ossodW No.56250 Ignore Report Quick Reply
As if the gay lobby didn't make up that all the greeks were gay to make their gayness seem okay.

Stone statue of alexander sucking cock or it didn't happen.
Betsy Brookgold - Thu, 05 Nov 2015 23:40:29 EST ID:pIYqIk9c No.56258 Ignore Report Quick Reply
okay so I bought the aleander biography by plutarch and also the fictionalized story of his relationship with bagoas called The Persian Boy

ready 4 superior form of love

German government is/was confusing by David Sodgelere - Mon, 26 Oct 2015 21:16:18 EST ID:HudvzGAi No.56228 Report Reply Quick Reply
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What are the differences between Kaiser, President, Chancellor, and Fuehrer?
Rebecca Facklewill - Mon, 26 Oct 2015 23:54:35 EST ID:aZJF8f7V No.56230 Ignore Report Quick Reply
Kaiser was basically the King. He was determined by bloodline and was the Commander-in-Chief and Head of State etc.

Fuhrer was basically a full on despot that was semi-legitimised by law.

Chancellor is basically their elected parliamentary leader, ie. President in the USA and Prime Minister in Commonwealth states. Where as the President's role is more about protecting against a bad Chancellor/Parliament. He has powers of veto but in modern times its generally expected that if he wishes to veto something he must have a very good reason and basically just passes it onto a sub-committee to determine if said bill is unconstitutional and if it is they'll veto it.

But I'm pretty sure during the time of the Weimar Republic the President had much stronger powers of veto and could even dissolve parliament. He was also the head of the military and could act without the authority of the rest of the Reichstag.
David Sodgelere - Tue, 27 Oct 2015 13:06:22 EST ID:HudvzGAi No.56231 Report Quick Reply
So did the enabling act allow Hitler to dissolve the President, or was there also a president up until 1933 when Hitler declared himself Fuhrer? It's so crazy how all of this happened within the last 100 years. Also I don't get how war = money, aside from stealing gold and other things from jewish people, and poland
Hedda Gockleten - Tue, 27 Oct 2015 13:46:26 EST ID:46Ivwr3B No.56232 Ignore Report Quick Reply

The then reigning president had essentially established that precedent when he assumed control of a military dictatorship in WWI, and overruled the Kaiser. Thanks to some early battlefield successes, he was elected president of Weimar. He was also suffering from senility.
David Sodgelere - Tue, 27 Oct 2015 16:12:32 EST ID:HudvzGAi No.56234 Report Quick Reply
Yeah I heard Hindenburg was kind of forced to do it, plus he was senile.
Augustus Murdhood - Mon, 02 Nov 2015 08:10:35 EST ID:QhbJyx2S No.56243 Ignore Report Quick Reply
People in this thread have no idea.

The Kaiser was the German emperor, there were other kings below him (Bavaria and Saxony) and he himself was king of Prussia. The president of the republic was more of a figurehead and the chancellor actually did like 90% of all political work. The president just had to sign off laws and reforms and had to declare the winner of elections the new chancellor (well unless 1932). Führer was just a title the nazis came up with during the 20s. When Hindenburg died in 1934 the dictatorship was already strong enough to say "Hey, now the chancellor should just take over the president's powers, too and we call him Führer".

History of Bengal by Shitting Drannershit - Sat, 24 Oct 2015 04:28:05 EST ID:qleMGbH6 No.56221 Ignore Report Reply Quick Reply
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What do you guys think of the history of Bengal? Know anything about it? Got any good reading material on it?

The region is an interesting mix of Indo-European, Austronesian, Dravidian, and Sino-tibetan racial types. It has a mix (or in modern times, a bifurcation) of Hindu and Muslim culture with a shared language although it has a ton of distinct dialects.

I personally find it fascinating. Everything from the history of early Buddhism in the area, to the introduction of Sufi Islam into the region and the development of Hinduism during the medieval period, to the British conquest and the Bengal Renaissance, to the 1947 partition and 1971 war of independence.

You learn a lot about subcontinental center-periphery relations, and the dynamics of religious spread and interaction when you read about Bengal. Plus its a highly artistic and literary culture, which is just wonderful if you an aesthete.

What do you guys think?
Augustus Bollybury - Sat, 24 Oct 2015 18:46:43 EST ID:WBy4CtY7 No.56223 Ignore Report Quick Reply
And it's not going to exist for much longer thanks to global warming
Jack Dugglesutch - Wed, 28 Oct 2015 11:38:58 EST ID:fkwhQn7d No.56235 Ignore Report Quick Reply
No idea, but now I'm inspired to learn more about it! I recently looked a bit at Sri Lankan antique history. I'm going to need an actual book about it though.
Ebenezer Handleline - Sun, 01 Nov 2015 01:26:14 EST ID:qleMGbH6 No.56241 Ignore Report Quick Reply
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Here is a good thing about the rise of Islam in the region: http://videshisutra.com/2015/02/14/the-islamization-of-bengal/

And the book which that post referenced:


Brass and/or Copper Effigy by Martha Brazzletine - Mon, 26 Oct 2015 23:48:13 EST ID:HG5zdpC2 No.56229 Ignore Report Reply Quick Reply
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Hello /HIS/, It's been a very long time since I last posted on here, so please forgive me if I mess anything up...
I recently purchased two small, brass (or copper), horse-like figurines from a small estate sale. I myself have a degree in anthropology/archeology and feel as though these pieces may have historical and/or cultural significance, but do not know where to start in regards to research. Both of these figurines seem very old based upon their patina, and each features a square hole on their underside.
My question to you is this: Has anyone ever seen anything like these? Are they some type of effigy or ceremonial item? Can anyone identify the type of animal these items portray? Any help would be greatly appreciated even if they do turn out to be simply junk.
Augustus Nicklestone - Tue, 27 Oct 2015 14:20:37 EST ID:/F/VROSe No.56233 Ignore Report Quick Reply
Cool thumbnail. 19th or 20th Century tat would be my first guess. The older they are, the less likely those fine holes are to have survived intact. It looks like lost-wax casting and the holes at the bottom may suggest production in volume. You'd want to talk to someone who knows about casting about that though.

Drug using presidents? by Fanny Buzzhall - Mon, 26 Oct 2015 15:54:50 EST ID:fZ3DK8Em No.56227 Ignore Report Reply Quick Reply
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Post quotes from (possible) drug using presidents

>Habayit Hayehudi MK Betzalel Smotrich asked Netanyahu: "Why do you even talk to (Palestinian President Mahmoud) Abbas? Why pull the world's leg?" Netanyahu responded by saying that Israel "is not talking to bin Laden or ISIS, but I will talk to whoever isn't calling for our destruction."
read more: http://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-1.682374


Thunk about it by Nell Neblinglidging - Tue, 20 Oct 2015 01:15:19 EST ID:GVgszkte No.56211 Locked Ignore Report Reply Quick Reply
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So im drunk.and was thinking about cartoons that had good songs.like famly guy or sponge bob.think about it!
Thread has been locked
Thread was locked by: Quetzalcoatl
Reason: try /mtv/ buddy not /his/tory
Colonel Furburger - Wed, 21 Oct 2015 01:58:51 EST ID:69yWv/Nb No.56213 Ignore Report Quick Reply
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I post this on behalf of Justin Trudeau
And yes I am canadian HAHA

Crazy Kings and Leaders by Walter Gallystone - Tue, 20 Jan 2015 01:43:46 EST ID:IIEMocfo No.54643 Ignore Report Reply Quick Reply
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Any instances of leaders/kings slowly going insane and losing their minds?

Cambyses was one, the Cambyses who was the son of the Cyrus that beseiged Sardis.

Basically, the guy slowly went insane and made his army continue to march against a mythical tribe of Africans in the woods while his troops converted to cannibalism due to ration shortage. Or that time that he shot an advisor's son with a bow and arrow because he disagreed with him being an alcoholic? Or how about that time that he decided to kill his own brother because he had a dream? Or when he killed his own wife because of something she said at the dinner table? Or how about that time he started burning shit in the temple of Hephaistos?

He was probably the only king who didn't give a fuck about the hellenistic gods, or any for that matter, because he was crazy.
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George Bricklekudging - Tue, 13 Oct 2015 06:05:13 EST ID:Vxn3KaCO No.56186 Ignore Report Quick Reply
Surprise! It's me, the guy whose 6 month old post you quoted!
That's a really amusing thought, but Caligula really does seem to have been, by all surviving accounts, a colossal asshole and not just a practical joker with a penchant for satirizing his own regime.
I like your version better, though. Let's stick with that one.
Ghengis Dong - Tue, 13 Oct 2015 18:14:45 EST ID:2egVTEgC No.56188 Ignore Report Quick Reply
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Here's a report from the British Ambassadors to Castille wherein they describe the relative hotness of Juana la Loca in somewhat hilarious detail (They even try to describe her breath). The description begins with item V. under "June". It's quite interesting and from their description I would quite likely hit that.
Ghengis Dong - Tue, 13 Oct 2015 20:31:41 EST ID:2egVTEgC No.56189 Ignore Report Quick Reply
>XVIII. To endeavour to speak with her fasting, and that she may tell them some matter at length, so that they may see whether her breath be sweet.
Could never come near to her fasting, but at other times have approached her visage as nigh as they conveniently could, but never felt any savour of spices, and believe her to be of a sweet savour.
Cyril Chennerway - Mon, 19 Oct 2015 22:52:59 EST ID:5ADmKFCq No.56208 Ignore Report Quick Reply
The Ottoman Sultans had a crazy one in their line, Ibrahim the mad. Can't really recall any specific stories but modern psychoanalysts would have a field day with his diagnosis
Cyril Chennerway - Mon, 19 Oct 2015 23:15:46 EST ID:5ADmKFCq No.56209 Ignore Report Quick Reply

Tamerlane wasn't crazy

His campaigns were brutal as fuck yes, but he didn't exhibit any mental issues and we actually have primary sources of Timur and his court, unlike all the turco-mongol raiders before him. You could argue that he was a fanatic islamist zealot but it seems more that his hardcore muslimness was a means for him to legitimize his rule, just like when he made the dubious claim that he descended from Chingis Khan. He was a peasant nobody, he needed to legitimize his rule among the turco mongol armies and claiming to be "The Sword of Islam" and a descendant of Genghis were ways for him to do that. Not sure where you got the idea he was a crazy.

Help with identification by Hamilton Goodford - Tue, 29 Sep 2015 17:27:23 EST ID:02zvB8Ms No.56153 Ignore Report Reply Quick Reply
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Hi. This was in our basement. I must have looked at it a bunch of times, but today I noticed the cross at the top and realized it had some sort of nefarious association. Sure enough, I looked it up and it is an "Iron Cross"(proper noun?). Is there some reason it was placed on top of an America flag? Was this flag a grave marker? My grandfather fought during the time of the Wars, and has since died.(all I could think of)
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Cornelius Crendlefen - Wed, 14 Oct 2015 13:49:57 EST ID:6Xi/1jMy No.56190 Ignore Report Quick Reply

>weak Habsburgs who got to try to unite Germany for centuries but failed
Molly Naggleford - Wed, 14 Oct 2015 14:24:37 EST ID:46Ivwr3B No.56191 Ignore Report Quick Reply

>saved europe from Ottomans in their prime

fixed that for you
Beatrice Bunwater - Wed, 14 Oct 2015 17:55:30 EST ID:4u9Cq0MQ No.56192 Ignore Report Quick Reply

>tfw when Europe is going to belong to the Muslims anyways in a few decades
A Wizard - Fri, 16 Oct 2015 23:36:40 EST ID:/HWjT0P7 No.56197 Ignore Report Quick Reply

Omfg... "Ger-Man"

All of the fuckers you're talking about all Germans. The existence of various political regimes does not effect the ethnicity that is the Germanic ethic group.

But yeah, the Christians really fucked up europe.
Phyllis Fevingtit - Sat, 17 Oct 2015 08:38:46 EST ID:VbnwhOqz No.56201 Ignore Report Quick Reply

You probably mean
>got their asses saved by Poles in the last moment

Historical tidbits by Rebecca Dacklefoot - Sun, 11 Oct 2015 11:49:39 EST ID:taGtMpGl No.56183 Ignore Report Reply Quick Reply
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Indentured servitude was common in the Swedish countryside (predominantly in the south) up until the 1930's and it wasn't outlawed until 1945.

Medieval armies by Doris Clullydale - Tue, 30 Sep 2014 02:57:12 EST ID:LQxCuB8k No.53765 Ignore Report Reply Quick Reply
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You are in medieval times, you have full command of an army of your choosing, any type of composition. What do you choose? What is your army

> Main force consists of cataphract type shock cavalry and horse archers
> Light cavalry for distraction and hit and run purposes
> Heavy spearmen to hold the line, readied for hammer and anvil
> Longbow men behind spearmen shooting down ranks
> Cavalry and archer based armies are the best
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Hedda Chuffingspear - Tue, 06 Oct 2015 00:48:38 EST ID:BiQZyatf No.56173 Ignore Report Quick Reply
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Jarvis Claystock - Tue, 06 Oct 2015 12:29:27 EST ID:46Ivwr3B No.56174 Ignore Report Quick Reply

At the battle of Pydna, which is what we were talking about, yes. The Macedonians the Romans encountered were a far cry from the Macedonians of Philip and Alexander.

>The two centers engaged at about 3pm, with the Macedonians advancing on the Romans a short distance from the Roman camp. Paullus claimed later that the sight of the phalanx filled him with alarm and amazement. The Romans tried to beat down the enemy pikes or hack off their points, but with little success. Roman officers began to despair. One 'rent his garments' in impotent fury. Another seized his unit's standard and threw it among the enemy. His men made a desperate charge to recapture it, but were beaten back despite inflicting some casualties. Unable to get under the thick bristle of pikes, the Romans used a planned retreat over the rough ground.

>But as the phalanx pushed forward, the ground became more uneven as it moved into the foothills, and the line lost its cohesion, being forced over the rough terrain. Paullus now ordered the legions into the gaps, attacking the phalangites on their exposed flanks. At close quarters the longer Roman sword and heavier shield easily prevailed over the Macedonian Kopis and lighter armor of the Macedonians. They were soon joined by the Roman right, which had succeeded in routing the Macedonian left.

>Seeing the tide of battle turn, Perseus fled with the cavalry on the Macedonian right. According to Plutarch, Perseus' cavalry had yet to engage, and both the king and his cavalry were accused of cowardice by the surviving infantry.

>An elite unit of the phalanx, a 3,000 strong Guard unit, put itself on higher ground, but was cornered there. The unit fought to the bitter end, with almost every man killed.

>Perseus later surrendered to Paullus, and was paraded in triumph in Rome in chains. He was then imprisoned. The Macedonian kingdom was dissolved, many inhabitants deemed to be anti-Roman were enslaved and sent to Rome, much of its land parcelled out to Roman colonists (ex-legionaries) and Roman allies, its government replaced with four republics. In time, these were also dissolved, and Macedonia became a Roman province.
A Wizard - Thu, 08 Oct 2015 19:18:01 EST ID:/HWjT0P7 No.56179 Ignore Report Quick Reply

The thing about this, is that in Philip's and Alexander's armies, there would had been a division or two of skirmishers who run about flinging a few javelins and then are used to fill the gaps when a heavier division can't keep it's footing and needs a moment to reform. Further, they had light cavalry to stop maneuvers like the one mentioned below.
Clara Nullerdudging - Fri, 09 Oct 2015 18:35:32 EST ID:46Ivwr3B No.56180 Ignore Report Quick Reply

>The Romans had placed the two legions in the middle, with the allied Latin, Italian and Greek infantry on their flanks. The cavalry was placed on the wings, with the Roman right being supplemented by 22 elephants.

>The phalanx took up the center of the Macedonian line, with the elite 3,000-strong Guard formed to the left of the phalanx. Lighter peltasts, mercenaries and Thracian infantry guarded the two flanks of the phalanx, while the Macedonian cavalry was also most probably arrayed on both flanks. The stronger contingent was on the Macedonian right, where Perseus commanded the heavy cavalry (including his elite Sacred Squadron), and the Thracian Odrysian cavalry were deployed. However, other sources state that the cavalry did not participate in the fight, as there was a strike against Perseus by the nobles.

They had literally every element they needed, but the nobles took a dive.
A Wizard - Sat, 10 Oct 2015 03:53:15 EST ID:/HWjT0P7 No.56181 Ignore Report Quick Reply

Hmm, well, the Macedonians were known for talking shit to the Thracians, and the Thracians well known for saying "Fuck you, we quit. Let's go raid the neighbors."

But here's the reason they lost. They sent their main force in first, against a legionary army. You don't do that, and they should had known better.

Cold War General Thread by John Feffinglod - Mon, 13 Oct 2014 22:56:03 EST ID:6nKr2p8x No.54044 Ignore Report Reply Quick Reply
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The concepts of MAD and proxy wars obsess me. Let's have a thread focusing on cold war era geopolitics, and also have a look at the culture of the time and different points of view that each country had.

Kissinger critiquing the concept of total war and calling for americans to focus on conventional warfare:
The build up to the cold war with an empathsis on the British point of view:
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Whitey Borringridge - Mon, 24 Aug 2015 02:09:26 EST ID:HI6SkGj2 No.56021 Ignore Report Quick Reply

The english had a navy and held a bunch of trade routes, got overpopulated, expelled population, then population said "fuck you guys, never liked you hokey bastards in the first place" and kept colonies... with varying degrees of wtf involved. Canada seems the most confused though.
Jenny Bagglehet - Mon, 21 Sep 2015 16:14:29 EST ID:VvcaoJPx No.56140 Ignore Report Quick Reply
I agree England is always maintained a very strong set of alliances predicated mostly on their strength rather than their allies strength which keeps them as the dominant part until of course the second world war and which days they obviously got pretty overwhelmed by you has his production
Molly Shakeford - Tue, 22 Sep 2015 17:43:05 EST ID:K//zrI33 No.56142 Ignore Report Quick Reply
You want to explore proxy wars and MAD all you have to do is look to the situation in the middle East that has been manipulated by the Americans, the Saudi Arabians and the Israelis
Edward Socklenick - Tue, 22 Sep 2015 22:45:25 EST ID:yNa7lnyO No.56143 Ignore Report Quick Reply
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Don't forget to include the Indian peninsula into that mix, to help put it into an even bigger and thus better yours versus ours MAD players, like India, Pakistan, and one day even Sril Lanka. Such mad MAD policies all around the globe is amazingly mad.
Fanny Worthingstock - Wed, 23 Sep 2015 01:30:02 EST ID:1qEdrkTE No.56145 Ignore Report Quick Reply
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Just read "A Failed Empire: The Soviet Union in the Cold War from Stalin to Gorbachev" by Vladislav Zubok, which covers Soviet foreign policy and political history excellently. Zubok, as far as I know, coined a term for the near-constant premise of Soviet foreign policy called "Revolutionary-Imperialist paradigm", which assumed the imminent collapse of the liberal capitalist order and that armed with Marx's "scientific theory", Soviet diplomats and statesman were superior to their Western counterparts.

I'm interested what everyone's perspective is on Mikael Gorbachev? I had always looked up to Gorbachev as a peacemaker and liberal idealist, but wowza did this book convincingly paint his tenure as characterized by chaos and naivety! After the mid-80's he wouldn't use force in practically any circumstance, whether to quell protests or defeat rebels or just bulwark the state (the only pacifistic world leader perhaps in world history). He also winged almost all of his domestic and foreign policy, often resulting in failure or decentralization due to inadequate planning.

Also, Raymond Garthoff's tomes on the Cold War from Nixon to Reagan are phenomenal, probably some of the most incisive and even-handed Cold War histories ever written.

Zubok's book corroborates that Mao's puritanism and ideological radicalism were a constant thorn on the side of the Soviet foreign policy. He suggested that Mao's China resented heavily the Soviets' international stature and how they dominated the communist world, so they'd constantly undermine (relative) Soviet pragmatism.

chile actuality by pinochet - Fri, 18 Sep 2015 20:56:23 EST ID:QRpA4hY7 No.56134 Ignore Report Reply Quick Reply
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Well since this os Pol .im asking what exactly pinochet did? I KNOW some things,but my cousin said that he did nothing wrong...anyway feom a neutral opinion,what exactly he did,bad or good.I know chile its one of The most expensives places to live...so lets go
Buck Strickland - Sun, 20 Sep 2015 17:38:02 EST ID:OE1PGRtd No.56138 Ignore Report Quick Reply
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Pinochet assumed power in Chile following a United States-backed coup d'état on 11 September 1973 that overthrew the elected socialist Unidad Popular government of President Salvador Allende and ended civilian rule. Several academics have stated that the support of the United States was crucial to the coup and the consolidation of power afterward.

From its beginning, the new military government implemented harsh measures against its perceived opponents.[8] Various reports and investigations claim that between 1,200 and 3,200 people were killed, up to 80,000 people were interned and as many as 30,000 were tortured during the time Pinochet was in government.[9][10][11] As of 2011, the official number of deaths and forced disappearances stands at 3,065.

Under the influence of the free market-oriented neoliberal "Chicago Boys", the military government implemented economic reforms, including currency stabilization, tariff cutting, opening Chile's markets to global trade, restricting labor unions, privatizing social security, and the privatization of hundreds of state-controlled industries. These policies produced what has been referred to as the "Miracle of Chile," but critics state that the government policies dramatically increased economic inequality.[13] Chile was, for most of the 1990s, the best-performing economy in Latin America, though academics continue to dispute the legacy of Pinochet's reforms

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