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OP, I typed out a big giant post for you but the board ate. I'll do my best to retype the important parts.
Basically, you don't need to see a psychiatrist if you don't want to. The medications for schizophrenia are heavy stuff with some shitty side effects. Treatment is better than it used to be, but that doesn't say much. Still, you don't have to worry about a lobotomy! They don't do that anymore. Also no involuntary electroshock like you see in A Beautiful Mind (watch that movie!), though electroshock is useful for some things even today. I've heard of it being used to treat chronic, treatment-resistance depression. There's a great, classic book: Zen and the Art of Motorcycle scientist. It's about a brilliant professor of rhetoric (or philosphy; I forget) who loses his mind, meaning semi-catatonic, and he takes some intense electroshock. It gave him a new personality, or as he puts it in the book, he "became a new personality."
Anyway, I digress. The point is, you don't have to worry about any of that crazy shit. Schizophrenia is treated with two main things: medication (which I would personally avoid for reasons mentioned, but if it ever gets bad, you might wish you had it available) and therapy. Therapy doesn't involve pills! Therapy does't mean strait jackets and forced injections! Most therapists and counselors don't even have a medical degree, which is what lets doctors write prescriptions. Psychiatrists are people with a medical degree in addition to their knowledge of mental illness and how to treat it. But if they scare you, that's understandable.
What I want you to do is find a regular therapist. Doesn't have to be a psychiatrist! It could be if you want, but it doesn't have to be. Just find a therapist. I bet there's there's a few in your area or nearby. You need to find one that you're comfortable with. It might take a few sessions with different ones before you find one that fits you. In therapy, all you're doing is talking. That's it. You just talk to the therapist about your problems and anything you need help with in your head, and they can use their specialized training to give you an objective analysis of what's going on. That's all there is to it! It can really do wonders. Especially with an illness like schizophrenia, where you can have trouble telling what's real and what's not, it is invaluable to have an objective expert like a therapist to give you advice and mental strategies you can use to cope with the weird stuff your mind does sometimes.
There's no cure (yet), but you can always learn to cope better! That's what you should focus on. Coping better. A good therapist that you like can help you quite a bit with that. If possible, maybe try looking around for one that specializes in schizophrenia. Also, if you haven't already done so, make an appointment with your general practitioner (family doctor, that kind of thing) and get a general exam and have some blood work done to test for anything abnormal. Couldn't hurt. While you're there, you might mention your struggle with mental illness. No need to be embarrassed, and if he wants to give your antipsychotics, it's no problem if you don't want them. You can just take the prescription and not get it filled. But it might be useful to have them around if you should have a really bad episode and can't get back to reality. Anyway, if you do mention your mental illness to your GP, he may be able to refer you to some local therapists or a counseling agency.
The idea of therapy for something like this is that you'll learn better how to recognize when your brain is doing weird stuff and what you can do to manage it. Like, my problem is that I'm depressed and anxious all the time. So I've learned to identify both external and internal triggers, and how to change the path my brain is one if I realize I'm spiraling too much into a painful emotional state. I know it's different, and it sounds much harder and more complicated, but I bet you can learn some things you can do to deal with dissociation and delusions and all that fun stuff.
Beyond that, a therapist might be able to analyze your mind as a whole and figure out why this is happening to you. Maybe not; schizophrenia, like a lot of mental illnesses, does not have any definite, proven cause. But it could be a result of stress, or something physiological, or something psychological. No way to know for certain until you've tried everything, but it wouldn't be unheard of for your mental problems to be the result of some underlying issue, whether physical, mental, or social. Again, getting a physical exam and talking to a therapist could help determine (or at least rule-out) these possible sources of your schizophrenia.
I skimmed this thread, and there was some talk about seeing shamans. I think that's a great idea, but do be careful. Shamans don't have the oversight that square health professionals. Some of them are great, some of them are nice but misguided, and some just want your money and couldn't give two shits about you. But totally give it a shot. It's kind of like finding the right therapist. Gotta find one you connect with, who can help with your particular issues, and who isn't a greedy, lying scumbag with an agenda. I guess that goes for people in general, haha!
This too. Having people that care about you around is always a good idea.
In conclusion, good luck! Mental illness is a bitch to live with, but that means that every day you stay sane and function, you're winning! You're a fucking soldier, man. Never forget how strong you are to fight for the mastery of your soul. Much love.