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You're putting the cart before the horse. The ENT explanation for the Klingons came up 40 years after those Klingons were first introduced. It's part of the same narrative structure, but not of the vision that spurred it on. The original Klingons weren't a people tragically waylaid by genetic engineering. They were Klingons, as klingons were intended to be. Cruel, scheming, and totalitarian. Yes, they were a mirror of humanity, but that's because humanity made Star Trek to reflect on itself. All aliens in Star Trek are mirrors of humanity. But in context, their behaviour has everything to do with Klingon society.
Klingons are also a standin for communism not because their political structure resembles communism (we see very little of it, in fact), but because their behaviour does. TOS is absolutely filled with episodes that are thinly veiled allegories for the typical jousting between the US and the USSR. A Private Little War, Friday's Child, The Omega Glory. And every time, there are the Klingons in the role of the USSR. Though, that's not to be said that something like the presence of poverty excludes a society from being communist. Most of the time communist nations are exceedingly poor. Whatever ENT had to say about them 40 years later doesn't influence the reflection of the times they were when TOS was made. If you want to discuss the message of Star Trek, you can't warp through time like Kirk looking for a whale to hump.
>You need to deprogram that totalitarianism = communism lesson that was drilled into your head in school.
Are you a true believer? I do appreciate the irony of you denouncing that it's a totalitarian system while plainly telling me what to think. No, I do quite associate communism with totalitarianism, and given that I'm from a cozy, left wing, European welfare state, I can assure you there was no imperialistic propaganda in my school. No, I arrived to the conclusion myself, through simple observation. Though, the fact that my family was chased on three different continents by communists intent on murdering them also has something to do with it, I suspect. I consider that to be quite an adequate sample size. But honestly, I think it's quite a open and shut case that communism is totalitarian. It's a system that desires total control over the state and the individual. In fact, you yourself just said that one identifier is the government assigning one's job.
The TOS Klingons weren't very fascist, though. As you said, totalitarian. But there was no real presence of fascism. They followed a nebulous political ideology that simply resulted in totalitarian behaviour. Kind of like how the Federation's inner workings are also hidden, but we are shown what they result in. In fact, the TNG Klingons are much closer to fascism, with their open warrior culture, the emphasis on (external, group-driven) honour, their strongman type leadership. And in fact, they follow a very similar path, with the vicious infighting and backstabbing seen in fascist power structures. You caution me about the use of communism, but I'm very much getting the impression that you're just calling things you don't like "fascism".
But my point wasn't that there is some grand struggle against fascism "colonizing" Star Trek (really? that term? how about communists, then? I've heard more than one claim that "Star Trek is communist"). My point is that people voice certain viewpoints -even if they are objectively wrong or awful- they typically come from a well-reasoned standpoint. And quite clearly Kes has thought a lot about this. Star Trek itself constantly speaks out in favour of understanding those standpoints, even if they are impossible to reconcile with.
Look, you don't have to come at me with the purge theory. I don't buy it, and it's only interesting as a deconstructing thought exercise, because I buy into the TV show theory: Star Trek is a TV show, with limited resources, and preserving those resources means glossing over certain obvious things. Nobody expected the show to go on for as long as it did, so suddenly you have fans pouring over the details for 50+ years. Though, that said, the Vulcans and Romulans *do* mention their racial purge. How many proto-Romulans could they even fit onto those early warp vessels? What happened to the rest? The difference in phenotype is easily explained by the Romulans belonging to a typical ethnic group, and it's obvious they are no longer extant among the Vulcans. See, this is why it's interesting food for thought. Obviously never intended by the writers, but the again, neither were Data as a model for autism, or Worf as one for second generation immigrants.
I wouldn't be so quick to state that Western culture has conquered the world. Western technology has, yes. But cultures remain wildly different, and probably *will* remain wildly different. I don't think the Niven global culture is very likely, personally. We've already seen a remarkable unification of culture thanks to technology, but it's a far cry from what you propose. The dialect in my own village might have died out (also thanks to state meddling, as modern logistics also made that easier), but the culture has not. In villages around here you can still get glassed at a party if they hear you're from the city. Or so I've heard. I've never been to those villages. National and regional cultures in Europe are still very idiosyncratic, and that goes double for anything outside the Western world. just because an African tribesman (and that includes more than just the people in reed huts) speaks English and uses a smartphone doesn't mean he actually thinks along Western lines. And these people certainly do not dabble in multiculturalism. Hell, that's controversial topic in the West, and more political ideology than broad cultural trait. Point is, the high degree of Westernism in Star Trek is beginning to seem unattainable. And compared to TOS, it's even regressive. Uhura was the last African in Star Trek, which is honestly kind of weird when she was also one of the first proper black characters on TV.
Amd sure, I understand that the Federation needs to police its territory. But the point is more esoteric than that. What I'm talking about is an expectation, for the crew, that this sacrifice should come naturally to these people. The Federation seems kind of surprised that their citizens would not act according to the Federation ideal.