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It'd be interesting to learn more about unreported rape because of a stigma (or what, emasculation?) for men who are raped. I wonder if they took into account that women under-report rape as well, for probably different reasons.
According to that link:
>In North Carolina, a person commits the crime of assault by physically injuring another. [...] Any injury that requires medical attention could be considered serious injury. Any object or substance that could be used to kill someone, including a virus or bacteria, can be a deadly weapon in North Carolina.
There are different degrees of assault and battery because labeling something simply as assault is too broad of a term and different severity of harm (or intention) warrants different punishment. So NC defines assault and battery, assault, and affray as Class 2 misdemeanors if "the victim has suffered minor injury only (of a type that would not require a doctor's attention)."
A Class A1 misdemeanor offense would then be from inflicting serious injury or involves a deadly weapon that includes multiple different kinds of classifications of assault: -- domestic violence which either involves a deadly weapon or inflicts serious injury that is between people who have a personal relationship, in front of a minor, -- or sexual battery which is any sexual contact or physical contact committed for sexual purposes by force and against the victim’s will, including "any sexual contact with a victim who is mentally disabled, physically helpless, or otherwise incapacitated, where the defendant knows or should know of the victim’s disability", -- or Offenses against particular victims, when the victim is a women or a child under 12 and the man is over 18, or "state employees or officers, public transit operators, and campus or private security officers, but only if the assault occurs while the victims are acting in their official or employment capacity, and a public, private, or charter school employee or volunteer who is on school property, during a school event, or in the course of transporting children to or from school," or assaulting a sports official during a game.
Further, assault with a deadly weapon with either intent to kill or causing serious injury warrants a Class E felony punishment. While assault with a deadly weapon with both intent to kill and serious injury is a Class C felony punishment.
See how saying just "assault" glazes over the particular circumstances and appropriate punishment? There are different degrees of classification of assault for a reason.
Looking at Forms of Sexual Assault from that website:
>Whether a state’s laws call forced sexual intercourse “sexual assault,” “rape,” “sexual battery,” or “criminal sexual penetration,” the criminal conduct usually is designated as sexual penetration or sodomy without consent.
So there are different legal definitions for the same act depending on which state. What it boils down to is consent. Which brings up the question whether someone with mental disabilities can consent and also whether sex between a person in authority "-- such as a teacher, police officer or prison guard -- and someone over whom that person has authority -- a student, a person in police custody, or a prisoner in a correctional facility or jail" is consensual or coerced? Like is the person in authority manipulating the person under them into the act. Seems like a gray area while in other cases probably more black and white.
>Many states have divided the crime of rape into degrees, like rape in the first and second degree. The charge will depend on the type of force used, whether the sexual assault resulted in serious bodily injury, or whether it was committed with a deadly weapon, such as a rape at gun point.
It goes on:
>Criminal sexual contact and sexual battery that do not involve penetration usually are less serious crimes and subject an accused to lighter penalties than rape or criminal sexual penetration. But criminal sexual contact that results in personal injury or is committed with a deadly weapon or by more than one person normally is a felony. Criminal sexual contact without a weapon that involves only force or coercion, however, can be a misdemeanor.
>Aggravated sexual assault or aggravated rape is a more serious form of the crime of rape or sexual assault, because the circumstances or the injury are considered “aggravated” or more serious than the circumstances or injury involved in other rapes or sexual assault. the more serious circumstances generally involved intent to kill, use of a deadly weapon, severe physical injury, the use of a drug to incapacitate the victim then rape them, or if raped by a step-parent or guardian, or if it occurs during another felony such as robbery.
Hopefuly all of that above clarifies rather than obfuscates.